Manufacturing of high brightness dissolving pulp from sansevieria-trifasciata fiber by effective sequences processes

Main Article Content

Azka Aman
Suci Rahmadahana
Amun Amri


The need of dissolving pulp (DP) for rayon fiber production is increasing rapidly in recent years. Sustainable sources of DP raw materials and an effective manufacturing process are urgently required. This study aims to manufacture dissolving pulp (DP) with high brightness from Sansevieria-trifasciata (ST) fiber through the pre-hydrolysis, soda-Anthraquinone (Soda-AQ) cooking, and chlorine-free bleaching processes. The cellulose content, kappa number, pulp yield, and viscosity were analyzed. The results showed that the ?-cellulose content in ST raw material (39.43%) was relatively similar to the ?-cellulose content in Acacia pulping kraft (39.2%). Furthermore, the variations in pre-hydrolysis time affected the Kappa number, pulp yield, and viscosity. The DP obtained by the elementary chlorine-free (ECF) bleaching process had a viscosity of 9.3 cP, ?-cellulose content of 97.7%, and the brightness of 90.1% which was higher than the ISO standard of pulp brightness. The high DP brightness obtained from this unique combination of pre-hydrolysis, soda-AQ cooking and chlorine-free bleaching sequences has great potential for further development, as it can be used in viscose rayon staple fibers production.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Yusnimar, Evelyn, Aman, A., Chairul, Rahmadahana, S., & Amri, A. (2022). Manufacturing of high brightness dissolving pulp from sansevieria-trifasciata fiber by effective sequences processes. Communications in Science and Technology, 7(1), 45-49.


1. H. Li, S. Legere, Z. He, H. Zhang, J. Li, B. Yang, S. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Zheng, Y. Ni, Methods to increase the reactivity of dissolving pulp in the viscose rayon production process: a review, Cellulose. 25 (2018) 3733–3753.

2. A.B.M. Abdullah, M. Abony, M.T. Islam, M.S. Hasan, M.A.K. Oyon, M.B. Rahman, Extraction and proximate study of sansevieria trifasciata L. as fibre source for textile and other uses, J. Asiat. Soc. Bangladesh, Sci. 46 (2020) 155–162.

3. A.G. Adeniyi, S.A. Adeoye, J.O. Ighalo, Sansevieria trifasciata fibre and composites: A review of recent developments, Int. Polym. Process. 35 (2020) 344–354.

4. A.J. Sayyed, N.A. Deshmukh, D. V Pinjari, A critical review of manufacturing processes used in regenerated cellulosic fibres: viscose, cellulose acetate, cuprammonium, LiCl/DMAc, ionic liquids, and NMMO based lyocell, Cellulose. 26 (2019) 2913–2940.

5. M. Kanimozhi, Investigating the physical characteristics of Sansevieria trifasciata fibre, Int. J. Sci. Res. Publ. 1 (2011) 1–4.

6. J. Ma, X. Li, Y. Bao, Advances in cellulose-based superabsorbent hydrogels, RSC Adv. 5 (2015) 59745–59757.

7. T.E. Tallei, R.E. Rembet, J.J. Pelealu, B.J. Kolondam, Sequence variation and phylogenetic analysis of Sansevieria trifasciata (Asparagaceae), Biosci. Res. 13 (2016) 1–7.

8. R. Maryana, A. Nakagawa-izumi, M. Kajiyama, H. Ohi, Environment-friendly non-sulfur cooking and totally chlorinefree bleaching for preparation of sugarcane bagasse cellulose, J. Fiber Sci. Technol. 73 (2017) 182–191.

9. H. Harsono, A.S. Putra, R. Maryana, A.T. Rizaluddin, Y.Y. H’ng, A. Nakagawa-izumi, H. Ohi, Preparation of dissolving pulp from oil palm empty fruit bunch by prehydrolysis soda-anthraquinone cooking method, J. Wood Sci. 62 (2016) 65–73.

10. E.G. Aklilu, Optimization and modeling of ethanol–alkali pulping process of bamboo (Yushania alpina) by response surface methodology, Wood Sci. Technol. 54 (2020) 1319–1347.

11. C.A. Purwita, S. Sugesty, Pembuatan dan karakterisasi dissolving pulp serat panjang dari bambu duri (bambusa blumeana), J. Selulosa. 8 (2018) 21–32.

12. L. Nayak, S.P. Mishra, Prospect of bamboo as a renewable textile fiber, historical overview, labeling, controversies and regulation, Fash. Text. 3 (2016) 1–23.

13. H.P.S.A. Khalil, A.H. Bhat, A.F.I. Yusra, Green composites from sustainable cellulose nanofibrils: A review, Carbohydr. Polym. 87 (2012) 963–979.

14. E. Taer, L. Pratiwi, A. Apriwandi, W.S. Mustika, R. Taslim, A. Agustino, Three-dimensional pore structure of activated carbon monolithic derived from hierarchically bamboo stem for supercapacitor application, Commun. Sci. Technol. 5 (2020) 22–30.

15. K. Doelle, J. Sonntag, K. Fischer, T. Dominesey, Improvement of fiber fines retention and mechanical properties of board paper using corn and tapioca starch-a handsheet study, J. Eng. Res. Reports. 20 (2021) 39–50.

16. S. Tripathi, O.P. Mishra, A. Gangwar, S.K. Chakrabarti, R. Varadhan, Impact of wood storage on pulp and paper making properties, IPPTA J. 23 (2011) 161–164.

17. S.P. Utami, K. Tanifuji, A.S. Putra, A. Nakagawa-Izumi, H. Ohi, E. Evelyn, Effects of soluble anthraquinone application on prehydrolysis soda cooking of acacia crassicarpa wood, JAPAN TAPPI J. 75 (2021) 373–379.

18. E. Pe?man, S. Lalo?lu, Recycling of colored office paper. Part I: Pre-bleaching with formamidine sulfinic acid at pulper, BioResources. 13 (2018) 3949–3957.

19. J. Li, H. Zhang, C. Duan, Y. Liu, Y. Ni, Enhancing hemicelluloses removal from a softwood sulfite pulp, Bioresour. Technol. 192 (2015) 11–16

20. O. Komala, I. Yulia, R. Pebrianti, Uji efektivitas ekstrak etanol daun lidah mertua (Sansevieria trifasciata Prain) terhadap khamir Candida albicans, FITOFARMAKA J. Ilm. Farm. 2 (2012) 146–152.

21. T. TAPPI, 203 cm-99 Alpha-, beta-and gamma-cellulose in pulp, Tappi Test Methods. 20 (2009) 1–5.

22. A.T. Rizaluddin, Q. Liu, P.R. Panggabean, H. Ohi, K. Nakamata, Application of peroxymonosulfuric acid as a modification of the totally chlorine-free bleaching of acacia wood prehydrolysis-kraft pulp, J. Wood Sci. 61 (2015) 292–298.

23. B. Mohr Giesbrecht, R. Coldebella, M. Genti, G.R. Santana Nunes, M. Redel Finger, J. Marangon Jardim, C. Pedrazzi, G. Valimv Cardoso, The performance of acacia mearnsii De Wild for kraft pulping., Ciência Florest. 32 (2022) 266-286.

24. H. Ohi, Y. Ju, K. Kuroda, Conditions for acid hydrolysis of wood pulps and characteristics of acid-insoluble residues structural analysis of lignin by pyrolysis-gas chromatography (VII), JAPAN TAPPI J. 51 (1997) 1578–1586.

25. L. Tan, Y. Yu, X. Li, J. Zhao, Y. Qu, Y.M. Choo, S.K. Loh, Pretreatment of empty fruit bunch from oil palm for fuel ethanol production and proposed biorefinery process, Bioresour. Technol. 135 (2013) 275–282.

26. M. Nakamura, M. Ohzono, H. Iwai, K. Arai, Anthracnose of sansevieria trifasciata caused by colletotrichum sansevieriae sp. nov., J. Gen. Plant Pathol. 72 (2006) 253–256.

27. S. Sugesty, T. Kardiansyah, H. Hardiani, Bamboo as raw materials for dissolving pulp with environmental friendly technology for rayon fiber, Procedia Chem. 17 (2015) 194–199.

28. K. Syamsu, F. Fahma, G. Pari, Structure analysis of three non-wood materials for liner paper, Nord. Pulp Pap. Res. J. 34 (2019) 453–466.

29. M.F. Andrade, J.L. Colodette, Dissolving pulp production from sugar cane bagasse, Ind. Crops Prod. 52 (2014) 58–64.

30. P.Z. Uchôa, R.C.T. Porto, R. Battisti, C. Marangoni, N. Sellin, O. Souza, Ethanol from residual biomass of banana harvest and commercialization: A three-waste simultaneous fermentation approach and a logistic-economic assessment of the process scaling-up towards a sustainable biorefinery in Brazil, Ind. Crops Prod. 174 (2021) 114170.

31. M.R. Sanjay, S. Siengchin, J. Parameswaranpillai, M. Jawaid, C.I. Pruncu, A. Khan, A comprehensive review of techniques for natural fibers as reinforcement in composites: Preparation, processing and characterization, Carbohydr. Polym. 207 (2019) 108–121.

32. S.K. Tripathi, O.P. Mishra, N.K. Bhardwaj, R. Varadhan, Pulp and papermaking properties of bamboo species melocanna baccifera, Cellul. Chem. Technol. 52 (2018) 81–88.